Prevention of risks for environmental sustainable practices for agro producers PRESPA

Prevention of risks for environmental sustainable practices for agro producers PRESPA

Project Title: Prevention of risks for environmental sustainable practices for agro producers PRESPA

Funded by the European Union

IPA Component: IPA 2, Cross border cooperation: Republic of North Macedonia – Republic of Albania (www.ipacbc-mk-al.eu)

Project duration: 30 months

Start date of the project: 15.12.2021

End date of the project: 14.06.2024

Lead applicant and co-applicants:

Center for Civic Initiative (CCI)

Destination Management Organization (DMO)

Municipality of Resen

Municipality of Devoll

Context/background:

Situated in Southeast Europe, Prespa forms a single high-altitude tri-border basin shared by Albania, Greece and North Macedonia. The basin covers a total area of 1 519 km2 and encompasses two interlinked tectonic Lakes - Great and Lesser Prespa - and their surrounding mountains. Nevertheless, unsustainable human practices in the basin bring about deterioration of natural resources. Main threats to the ecosystem include: water and soil pollution, deforestation, soil erosion, depletion of fish stocks and biodiversity loss (TDA, 2009). Considering that the main challenge in protection of the environment in Prespa Lake basin is the man-made inputs on pollution of the waters in the lake, in the past period the projects and initiatives that have been undertaken were mainly aiming at the reduction of agricultural inputs achieved through the shift to more environmentally friendly methods of cultivation. These initiatives were related mainly to the bean monocultivation in Greece and the introduction of Good Agricultural Practices in apple production in the Republic of North Macedonia. Unsustainable agricultural, fisheries, water and forest management practices are causing stresses on the ecosystem health of the Prespa Basin. Even though a lot of projects and plans have been made for protection of Prespa lake starting with the UNDP programs and programs from other donors as EU and Swiss Agency for Development, the lake is still suffering from pollution and eutrophication. On the other side of the border, in the Small Prespa Lake very few concrete measures have been taken for its protection. Small Prespa Lake is part of National Park of Prespa (NPP) in Albania, stretched in Balkan Peninsula to the South East Europe and is shared between Albania and Greece. Prespa Lakes, Great and Small, are among the oldest and highest tectonic lakes of Europe. They are located about 850 m above the sea level and are surrounded by high mountains above 2000 m. The reed invasion in Small Prespa Lake occurs due to deviation of Devoll River toward Small Prespa Lake during communist era, with purpose to collect water during the winter and to use it during the summer for irrigation of Kor├ža field. Bad design and malfunction of decantation leads to accumulation of alluvions in lake’s bed. Considering that the water from Small Prespa Lake is flowing in to the Big Prespa lake, bringing the pollution also there, concrete actions are needed to be undertaken as to protect both of the lakes.

 

Abstract (short project summary):

The project is designed as to contribute towards the environment protection of the Pespa Lake basin including the big Prespa Lake in the Municipality of Resen and the small Prespa Lake in the Municipality of Devoll. In order to protect the Prespa lake basin, actions to contribute to the prevention of negative effects of anthropogenic processes on the environment, increased sustainable use of the natural resources and better protection of the environment are needed. This will be achieved through: Development of infrastructural activities i.e building of Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTP) with sewage systems on the Prespa Lake Basin and introduction of new online monitoring system for water quality. Awareness raising activities with the population. Capacity building activities for waste water management. The waste water plants along with a sewage system will be constructed in both countries or more particularly in Village Dolno Perovo in Municipality of Resen and villages Zagradec, Shuec and Rakicke in Municipality of Devoll. The development of the WWTP will contribute towards the reduction of waste water flowing into the big and small Prespa lakes having impact on the reduction of the eutrophication of the lake which is the greatest problem of the lake. The new online monitoring system will enable both municipalities to have access to the information on the quality of the water in both lakes. This will allow for the authorities to timely react when needed and will boost the effectiveness of the action. Through the development of an awareness raising campaign, developed by the youth, the local population and the agro producers in Resen and Devoll will be addressed, raising their awareness on environment protection and reduction of the usage of fertilizers and pesticides that are polluting the lake and further cause eutrophication. In order to boost the effectiveness of the action and really assure the achievement of the overall impact the public utilities will have their capacities built in management of the WWTP and usage of the monitoring system. The awareness raising and capacity building activities will change the attitude of the relevant stakeholders and the general population resulting in improvement of their code of conduct.

Final beneficiary: People from Municipality of Resen and Municipality of Devoll

Action location/s:

- Municipality of Resen, Republic of North Macedonia

- Municipality of Devoll, Republic of Albania

Objectives: To contribute to the prevention of negative effects of anthropogenic processes on the environment, increased sustainable use of the natural resources and better protection of the environment in the Prespa Lake basin.

Specific objectives:

1. To improve waste water treatment for the population in Municipality of Resen and Municipality of Devoll;
2. To increase the knowledge of the population on the merits of complying with EU waste water management and environment protection.

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Praktika Inovative per Mbrojtjen e Mjedisit

Praktika Inovative per Ambjentin

IPA Component: IPA 2, Cross border cooperation: Republic of North Macedonia – Republic of Albania

Project duration: 24 months

Start date of the project: 15.11.2019

End date of the project: 14.11.2021

Total Budget: 590,213.00 €

Lead applicant and co-applicants:

Association Center for Civic Initiative (CCI)

Destination Management Organization (DMO)

Municipality of Mogila

Municipality of Maliq  

Context/background: The action is developed to take place in the cross-border region targeting Pelagonija region and Korca region, in particular Municipality of Mogila and Municipality of Maliq, having cross-border impact on public infrastructure vulnerable to floods. Both of the countries, and in particular the regions of Pelagonija and Korca are exposed to various types of natural hazards, including earthquakes, wild fires, floods, droughts, extreme temperatures, landslides. Earthquakes pose largest risk in terms of consequences – damages and human losses. Wildfires are a most frequent risk, and floods are on the rise in terms of frequency and intensity.

The number and intensity of floods in the countries/regions are rising. Usual period for their appearances is in the colder part of the year (November – January). Most of the floods are caused by the overflow of the major rivers.

The targeted countries river basins are facing increased spatial and temporal variability of water resources which is among the key natural factors increasing the flooding risk, besides topographic and land characteristics, and a relatively dense hydro graphic network in the most affected regions. In addition, the changes in the land-use/land cover structure are further modifying hydrological regimes, increasing the risk of extreme hydrological events.

Additionally, the local authorities as partners of the action will enable local ownership of the action, as they will participate in the development of the flood mitigation measures and further maintenance of the developed infrastructure after the finishing of the project. 

Abstract (short project summary):The activities in the project have been developed as to address all the needs and constraints of the target groups, initially the process of improvement of the public infrastructure will address the need of the local authorities to implement their responsibilities for the construction and maintenance of secondary and tertiary irrigation and drainage networks. At the same time through the development of the digital platform the local authorities and all relevant stakeholders will improve the system for early warning enabling timely protection from floods or other natural disasters.  The systems for protection of the agricultural lands and livelihoods will be supported by the development of joint risk management measures having impact on all of the inhabitants in the area, where all the target groups will be included in the development of the joint risk management measures. With the awareness rising of the agro producers for flood management we will have impact on the total population in the targeted areas and in particular the 12000 agro producers will be directly reached by the awareness rising activities giving the specific knowledge to the population and agro producers for inclusion in the protection and prevention measures implementation.

Final beneficiary: 70 000 general population of Municipality of Mogila and Maliq

Action location/s: Municipality of Mogila and Municipality of Maliq

Objectives: strengthen resilience and disaster risk preparedness and prevention of floods for protection of the environment 

Specific objectives:

  1. To improve the public infrastructure vulnerable to floods as to ensure protection of agricultural lands and livelihoods.
  2. Local authorities capable to strengthen participatory preparedness and resilience capacities in building of cross – border cooperation for floods prevention and mitigation.
  3. To increase the awareness of the agro producers for the importance of flood management in the protection of the environment, agricultural lands and livelihoods.

Activities:

Coordination, management and visibility
Coordination meetings, website, kick off and close out conference

Public Infrastructure

1.1 Building of drainage canals in Municipality of Mogila and Municipality of Maliq;
1.2 Establishment of digital platform for early warning of floods.

Cross border cooperation for floods protection and management

2.1. Preparation of local action plans for risk management and flood protection and management;
2.2. Strengthening of the capacities of the flood management sectors in terms of cooperation, planning and management of the flood mitigation measures;
2.3. Establishment of cross border partnership for exchange of experiences and development of joint risk management measures.

Awareness rising of the agro producers for flood management

3.1 Specialised trainings for flood management for the agro producers;
3.2 Community forums for inclusion of the community in the flood prevention and management;
3.3 Exchange of experiences between the agro produces from both municipalities.

Impact/Output/Result: Impact: Strengthen resilience and disaster risk preparedness and prevention of floods for protection of the environment. 

1)  The process of improvement of the public infrastructure as to ensure the protection of agricultural lands and livelihoods where we will have impact on 252,2 km2 in Mogila municipality targeting 6710 inhabitants and 34 km2 in Maliq Municipality targeting 62666 inhabitants. We will have as outcome (R1) Public infrastructure vulnerable to floods has been improved as to ensure protection of agricultural lands and livelihoods where total agricultural area protected from floods – 50000 ha and 12000 of agro producers ready to use the digital platform for early warning for floods. This will produce the following outputs: construction of drainage canals in both of the municipalities in length of 6 km, and developed 2 digital platforms for early warning of floods and weather changes.

2)  The systems for protection of the agricultural lands and livelihoods will be supported by the development of joint risk management measures having impact on all of the inhabitants in the area with the outcome (R2): Local authorities have developed joint risk management measures for protection of floods in the region having the following outputs: 2 local action plans developed and operationalized and 1 joint risk management plan in the cross border area included in the routine of relevant bodies.

3)  With the awareness rising of the agro producers for flood management we will have impact on the total population in the targeted areas and in particular the 12000 agro producers will be directly reached by the awareness rising activities having as outcome: R3 – The agro producers are aware and ready to be included in the flood management and protection system. The following outputs will be produced: 2 specialised trainings for the agro producers for flood management, 6 community forums for inclusion of the community in the flood prevention and management, 2 exchange visits among the agro producers in the cross border region organized.

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